Database of African Theses and Dissertations including Research (DATAD-R)

An investigation of communal farmer's livelihoods and climate change challenges and opportunities in Makonde rural district in Zimbabwe

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dc.contributor Nhamo, Godwell
dc.creator Sango, Ishumael 2014-05-27T13:11:52Z 2014-05-27T13:11:52Z 2014-05-27 2018-06-27T17:11:36Z 2018-06-27T17:11:36Z
dc.identifier Sango, Ishumael (2014) An investigation of communal farmer's livelihoods and climate change challenges and opportunities in Makonde rural district in Zimbabwe, University of South Africa, Pretoria, <>
dc.description As the debate on the impacts of global climate change goes on at global and regional scale, climate change impacts are already being felt at local level. The thesis aims at exploring climate change as a driver of environmental and smallholder farmers’ livelihood vulnerability in Makonde District of Zimbabwe. Specifically the study seeks to: determine climate change trends and manifestations; evaluate household-level impacts of climate change and associated environmental changes on smallholder farmers’ livelihoods and lastly; to investigate the extent of household-level coping and adaptation strategies to climate change in the Makonde rural community in Zimbabwe, especially farmers in Makonde Communal Lands. Given the fact that the subject under study is multidimensional in scope, a mix of research methods was adopted in this case study. Whilst it is largely qualitative in design, the study involved some quantitative data and thus, a triangulation of different data sources and data gathering instruments was employed. The instruments used include; key informant interviews, structured observations and a household questionnaire survey. The analysis was based on a final sample of 434 out of the originally anticipated 500 households. In addition to the households’ sample, were twenty key informants and transect walk observations. The qualitative data was analyzed by means of coding, memoing, descriptions, typologies, taxonomies and visual representations, whilst quantitative data was processed through the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) and complimented by Microsoft Excel to generate various forms of descriptive statistics. The findings suggest that climate change in the Makonde Rural District that includes the Makonde Communal Lands has been significant during the past thirty years. The climate change has contributed to significant local environmental stresses affecting local resources such as forests, fauna, water, pastures and soil among other natural assets. The local livelihoods show high levels of vulnerability to climate change due to notable low adaptive capacity. The high level of vulnerability to changing climate is exposing the study population to increased prevalence of: poverty, crop and livestock failures, food insecurity, malnutrition, disease and rural urban migration among other impacts. The study concludes that the factors creating barriers to climate change adaptation are related those contributing to poverty and holding back sustainable local development. Among the key suggestions to enhance the community’s climate change adaptation capacity, the thesis presents an establishment of a government-driven, multi-dimensional and multi-stakeholder intervention mechanism to help local communities manage their vulnerability.
dc.description Environmental Sciences
dc.description D. Litt. et Phil. (Environmental Management)
dc.format 1 online resource (xi, 200 leaves)
dc.language en
dc.subject 338.14096892
dc.subject Climatic changes -- Environmental aspects -- Zimbabwe
dc.subject Crops and climate -- Zimbabwe
dc.subject Farmers -- Climatic factors -- Zimbabwe
dc.subject Sustainability -- Climatic factors -- Zimbabwe
dc.subject Food security -- Climatic factors -- Zimbabwe
dc.title An investigation of communal farmer's livelihoods and climate change challenges and opportunities in Makonde rural district in Zimbabwe
dc.type Thesis

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