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Purposes for using psychological instruments in loss of income claims

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dc.creator Botha, Monica Evelyn 2011-07-13T09:02:52Z 2011-07-13T09:02:52Z 2010-11 2018-06-27T17:10:23Z 2018-06-27T17:10:23Z
dc.identifier Botha, Monica Evelyn (2010) Purposes for using psychological instruments in loss of income claims, University of South Africa, Pretoria, <>
dc.description Despite the wide spread use of psychological instruments in the forensic context, there is a dearth of research on the purposes for using it. A qualitative case study approach was adopted in this study to explore the purposes for which industrial psychologists use psychological instruments in loss of income claims. The research study comprised of two phases. Firstly, a literature review was used to provide some background on psychological assessment in the forensic context. The literature review described the historical development of forensic psychology, what psychological instruments are and how they are used in the forensic context. The forensic context, in which industrial psychologists operate, was also described. Furthermore, the initial conceptual framework to outline the context of the next phase of the research was illustrated. The second phase was an exploratory study that made use of a multiple-case study approach. The main research aim was to explore the purposes for using psychological instruments in loss of income claims by industrial psychologists. Another aim was to explore the psychological instruments used. The final aim was to explore the kind of information that is needed in the forensic context, which is not currently available by means of existing psychological assessment. Case study data was collected by conducting semi-structured interviews with four industrial psychologists. Each interview represented a case to be analysed. The multiple-case study data gathered were then analysed using coding, within-case analysis and across-case analysis. The findings indicate that psychological instruments are used for the following purposes: (1) to add value to the quantification of a loss of income claim; and (2) to provide information that is required on the specific situation and circumstances surrounding the claim. Furthermore, the research findings also revealed that the purpose of using a psychological instrument to add value is influenced by internal factors of the psychological instrument as well as situational characteristics of the legal matter at hand. Through the exploration of the purposes for using psychological instruments, specific instruments used could be identified. Another finding included the existence of a perception that the psychological instruments currently available in South Africa are inadequate to provide the information required in the forensic context. The findings also revealed the kind of information that is needed.Recommendations were made for future research and industry-related practices.
dc.description Industrial and Organisational Psychology
dc.description M.Comm. (Industrial and Organisational Psychology)
dc.format 1 online resource (126 leaves)
dc.language en
dc.subject Psychological instrument
dc.subject Constructivist paradigm
dc.subject Exploratory qualitative research
dc.subject Industrial psychologist
dc.subject Forensic psychology
dc.subject Structured interviews
dc.subject 368.0140287
dc.subject Psychology, Industrial
dc.subject Insurance claims -- Psychological aspects
dc.subject Insurance claims -- Evaluation
dc.title Purposes for using psychological instruments in loss of income claims
dc.type Dissertation

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