Database of African Theses and Dissertations including Research (DATAD-R)

Food and macronutrient intake of elite kenyan distance runners

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dc.creator Onywera, V.O.
dc.creator Kiplamai, Festus Kaino
dc.creator Boit, Michael K.
dc.creator Pitsiladis, YP 2012-09-21T08:11:36Z 2012-09-21T08:11:36Z 2012-09-21 2018-06-25T08:45:57Z 2018-06-25T08:45:57Z
dc.description International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 2004, 14, 709-719
dc.description The food and macronutrient intake of elite Kenyan runners was compared to recommendations for endurance athletes. Estimated energy intake (EI: 2987 ± 293 kcal; mean ± standard deviation) was lower than energy expenditure (EE: 3605 ± 119 kcal; P < 0.001) and body mass (BM: 58.9 ± 2.7 kg vs. 58.3 ± 2.6 kg; P < 0.001) was reduced over the 7-d intense training period. Diet was high in carbohydrate (76.5%, 10.4 g/kg BM per day) and low in fat (13.4%). Protein intake (10.1%; 1.3 g/kg BM per day) matched recommendations for protein intake. Fluid intake was modest and mainly in the form of water (1113 ± 269 mL; 0.34 ± 0.16 mL/kcal) and tea (1243 ± 348 mL). Although the diet met most recommendations for endurance athletes for macronutrient intake, it remains to be determined if modifying energy balance and fluid intake will enhance the performance of elite Kenyan runners.
dc.language en
dc.subject Kenya
dc.subject endurance athletes,
dc.subject diet
dc.subject training
dc.subject high altitude
dc.title Food and macronutrient intake of elite kenyan distance runners
dc.type Article

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