Browsing Africa Centres of Excellence Scholarly Output by Subject "5G"
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ItemResource allocation scheme for 5G C-RAN: a Swarm Intelligence based approach(Elsevier, 2019-09-22) Ari, Ado Adamou Abba; Gueroui, Abdelhak; Titouna, Chafiq; Thiare, Ousmane; Aliouat, ZiboudaThe recent fifth generation (5G) system enabled a highly promising evolution of Cloud Radio Access Network (C-RAN). Unlike the conventional Radio Access Network (RAN), the C-RAN decouples the baseband processing unit (BBU) from the remote radio head (RRH) by allowing BBUs from multiple Base Stations (BSs) to operate into a centralized BBU pool on a remote cloud-based infrastructure and a scalable deployment of light-weight RRHs. In this paper, we propose an efficient resource allocation scheme for 5G C-RAN called Bee-Ant-CRAN. The challenge addressed is to design a logical joint mapping between User Equipment (UE) and RRHs as well as between RRHs and BBUs. This is done adaptively to network load conditions, in a way to reducethe overall network costs while maintaining the user QoS and QoE. The network load has been formulated as a mixed integer nonlinear problem with a number of constraints. Then, the formulated optimization problem is decomposed into two stage resource allocation problem: UE-RRH association and RRH-BBU mapping. Therefore, a modified Artificial Bee Colony is developed as a swarm intelligence based approach to build the UE-RRH mapping (resource allocation). Moreover, an ameliorated Ant Colony Optimization algorithm is proposed to solve the RRH-BBU mapping (clustering) problem. Computational results demonstrate that our proposed Bee-Ant-CRAN scheme reduces the resource wastage and significantly improves the spectral efficiency as well as the throughput.