The Tropical Atlantic Observing System

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Frontiers in Marine Science
The tropical Atlantic is home to multiple coupled climate variations covering a wide range of timescales and impacting societally relevant phenomena such as continental rainfall, Atlantic hurricane activity, oceanic biological productivity, and atmospheric circulation in the equatorial Pacific. The tropical Atlantic also connects the southernand northern branches of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation and receives freshwater input from some of the world’s largest rivers. To address these diverse, unique, and interconnected research challenges, a rich network of ocean observations has developed, building on the backbone of the Prediction and Research Moored Array in the Tropical Atlantic (PIRATA). This network has evolved naturally over time and out of necessity in order to address the most important outstanding scientific questions and to improve predictions of tropical Atlantic severe weather and global climate variability and change. The tropical Atlantic observing system is motivated by goals to understand and better predict phenomena such as tropical Atlantic interannual to decadal variability and climate change; multidecadal variability and its links to the meridional overturning circulation; air-sea fluxes of CO2 and their implications for the fate of anthropogenic CO2; the Amazon River plume and its interactions with biogeochemistry, vertical mixing, and hurricanes; the highly productive eastern boundary and equatorial upwelling systems; and oceanic oxygen minimum zones, their impacts on biogeochemical cycles and marine ecosystems, and their feedbacks to climate.
Front. Mar. Sci, 6, 206
B. Rodríguez-Fonseca, F. Hernandez, M. Dengler, R.R Rodrigues, J.O. Schmidt, L. Yu, N. Lefevre, L. Cotrim Da Cunha, M.J. McPhaden, M. Araujo, J. Karstensen, J. Hahn, M. Martín-Rey, C. M. Patricola, P. Poli, P. Zuidema, R. Hummels, R. C. Perez, V. Hatje, J. F. Lübbecke, I. Polo, R. Lumpkin, B. Bourlès, F. E. Asuquo, P. Lehodey, A. Conchon, P. Chang, P. Dandin, C. Schmid, A. Sutton, H. Giordani, Y. Xue, S. Illig, T. Losada, S. A. Grodsky, F. Gasparin, T. Lee, tropical Atlantic Ocean, observing system, weather, Climate, hurricanes, biogeochemistry, ecosystems, coupled model bias, University of Cape-Coast, Ghana, ACECOR
Mohino, E., Nobre, P., Wanninkhof, R., Keenlyside, N., Garcon, V., Sánchez-Gómez, E., ... & Reul, N. (2019). The Tropical Atlantic Observing System. Front. Mar. Sci, 6, 206.