Preliminary evaluation of genetic inheritance of root traits of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) for tolerance to low soil phosphorus
Common beans are an important nutritious food crop to many people in developing countries. Inadequate soil-P is one of the major constraints to high bean seed yield productivity. Information about genetic effects that control inheritance of root traits in common bean grown under low soil-P conditions is scarce, and that is a challenge for genetic enhancement. This study was therefore implemented to determine inheritance and gene action of root traits in common bean for tolerance to low soil-P. The six generations were evaluated in a completely randomised design with two replicates under low soil-P in a pot experiment. Generation mean analysis revealed that both allelic and non-allelic genetic interactions controlled inheritance of root traits studied. Cumulative main gene effect was higher than epistasis effects. Additive genetic effects were more predominant than dominance effects. Additive and additive × dominance epistatic gene effects were more important in controlling inheritance of root traits under low soil-P. Broad-sense heritability for hypocotyl root number was the highest (93.98 %) while the narrow-sense heritability was moderate (51.13 %). To develop improved genotypes tolerant to low soil-P, recombination crossing should be followed by screening and selection in later generations for high seed yield, root and other preferred traits
African Journal of Agricultural Research, Volume 17, Issue 6
Common bean, inheritance, genotype, gene effect, heritability, low soil-P, Moses F. A. Maliro, Pangirayi B. Tongoona, Kwadwo Ofori, Agriculture, University of Ghana
Kachiguma, N. A., Ifie, B. E., Eleblu, J. S., Maliro, M. F., Tongoona, P. B., & Ofori, K. (2021). Preliminary evaluation of genetic inheritance of root traits of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) for tolerance to low soil phosphorus. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 17(6), 875-881.