Sorghum Production Constraints, Trait Preferences, and Strategies to Combat Drought in Tanzania

Sorghum is an important food crop for people in drought-prone areas of the world. The production in Tanzania has been ≤1 t ha−1 for a decade. The study was conducted in Iramba, Ikungi, and Kongwa districts to identify factors influencing the sorghum production, adoption rate, and strategies to address drought in Tanzania. The study involved 240 respondents for individual interviews and focus group discussions. Thirty respondents participated in individual interviews while ten farmers participated in the focus group discussion per village. Our study found that birds, poor soil fertility, and drought were the major constraints across the study districts. Drought tolerance, high yield, and early maturity were the most preferred traits by farmers across the study areas. Farmers addressed drought stress in sorghum by practicing early planting early maturing varieties in November and using drought-tolerant varieties. However, most farmers failed to name the diseases and pests affecting sorghum. This study highlights basic information for plant breeders to incorporate traits preferred by farmers in breeding programs when developing new sorghum varieties for sustainable production. The study shows the importance of involving farmers to identify the problems and solutions of sorghum production to increase the adoption rate.
Sustainability, Volume 13, Issue 23
adoption rate, drought tolerance, pests and diseases, sorghum production constraints, traits preference, Santosh Deshpande, Tileye Feyissa, William Elisha Bakuza, Agriculture, University of Ghana
Mwamahonje, A., Eleblu, J. S. Y., Ofori, K., Deshpande, S., Feyissa, T., & Bakuza, W. E. (2021). Sorghum Production Constraints, Trait Preferences, and Strategies to Combat Drought in Tanzania. Sustainability, 13(23), 12942.